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        托福閱讀短期突破應做哪些準備

         

          1、主題——增加背景知識

          有部分學生反映做托福閱讀時很難投入進去,有一點原因就是對于文章所述內容太過陌生,如果你對其略知一二,相信定會有所不同。比如TPO中有篇文章講到化學元素周期表,對于高中生來說再熟悉不過了,閱讀的時候半讀半猜,估計也可以理解的八九不離十了。

          若考試準備時間充足,可以多加涉獵,擴充自己的知識背景;若時間緊張,則需搞定TPO套題。根據文章記憶單詞,并不是文章中出現的每一個“陌生的面孔”都要去熟悉,比如一些繁瑣的專有名詞跳過即可。主要記憶的當然是一些動詞、名詞及形容詞,尤其是出現在句子主干中,與解題有關的詞匯。

          除了詞匯,應學會分析題干及題目,比如題干中出現了effect,conclusion之類的詞,其實已經界定了我們尋找的范圍——段落靠后的部分,還有就是觀點性和總結性的句子永遠會是考察的重點所在。做題的時候學會分析原文和選項,進行對比,比如句子簡化題,做一題需要看五個長句,似乎很花費時間,但并不需要每個句子都要細看,而是先明確原句的邏輯及主干,抓住選項中的關鍵點與原句進行比較。

          例如:As a result of crustal adjustments and faulting, the Strait of Gibraltar, where the Mediterranean now connects to the Atlantic, opened, and water cascaded spectacularly back into the Mediterranean.A. The strait of Gibraltar reopened when the Mediterranean and the Atlantic became connected and the cascades of water from one sea to the other caused crustal adjustments and faulting.B. The Mediterranean was dramatically refilled by water from the Atlantic when crustal adjustments and faulting opened the Strait of Gibraltar, the place where the two seas are joined.C. The cascades of water from the Atlantic to the Mediterranean were not as spectacular as the crustal adjustments and faulting that occurred when the Strait of Gibraltar was connected to those seas.D. As a result of crustal adjustments and faultin;g and the creation of the Strait of Gibraltar, the Atlantic and Mediterranean were connected and became a single sea with spectacular cascades of water between them。

          原句是因果邏輯的句子,先找出其因: crustal adjustments and faulting,果:the Strait opened, and water cascaded spectacularly back into the Mediterranean。接著來看選項:A…. caused crustal adjustments and faulting 顯然是因果倒置了,毫不猶豫地滅掉;C. 因為此選項中出現比較not as spectacular as, 非常惹眼的一個核心詞,而原文中是修飾動詞的副詞spectacularly,并未進行比較,二話不說也排除掉;D. As a result of crustal adjustments and faulting and the creation of the Strait of Gibraltar,… 這原因里怎么多出來一項啊,擄袖子攆人吧!

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