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        無憂雅思網_雅思預測_雅思機經_雅思考試_雅思資料下載_雅思名師_雅思考試時間

        Native Speakers是怎樣描述數字圖表的?

        考過雅思的同學有沒有想到這樣一點,如果讓Native Speakers完成小作文中的數字圖表類題目,那么怎么用地道的短語&句型來寫出這種題目?來看看Native Speakers的應對吧!

         

        數字圖表

         

          see an upward trend 呈現出上升的趨勢

          The housing market saw an upward trend in 2003.

          房地產市場在2003年呈現出了上升的趨勢。

          反義:witness a downward trend 呈現出下降的趨勢

          The prices of consumer goods witnessed a downward trend.

          消費品的價格呈現出下降的趨勢。

          聯想:see an opposite trend 呈現出相反的趨勢

          In contrast, the cost of furniture and equipment saw an opposite trend.

          相比之下,家具和設備的費用則呈現出相反的趨勢。

         

          rocket to... 急速上升至……

          The petrol price (汽油價格)rocketed to a record high.

          汽油價格急速飛升到了歷史最高紀錄。

          近義:soar to... 飛速上升至

          The rate of heart disease soared to 79 per 1,000 people.

          患心臟疾病的比例飛速上升至79%。

         

          peak at... 在某位置到達最高點

          The figures show that the unemployment rate peaked at 9.8% in October.

          數據顯示失業率在十月份達到了最高點9.

          近義:reach the highest point 到達最高點

          The crime rate rose throughout (在整個…)the 1990s and reached the highest point in 2001.

          犯罪率在整個九十年代都在不斷上升,直到2001年達到了頂峰。

         

          a slump 下挫

          There was a slump in the demand for new cars in 2007.

          對于新車的需求在2007年有所下挫。

          近義:a decline 下降

          There was a substantial decline in the unemployment rate. 失業率有了顯著的下降。

          fall consistently from... to... 從…持續下降到…

          After 2007,housing prices in the UK fell consistently through 2009.

          從2007年到2009年英國的房價一直在持續下降。

          近義:fall continuously from... to... 從…持續降至…

          The criminal-offence rate fell continuously from 2001 to 2011.

          刑事犯罪率從2001年開始到2011年,一直持續下降。

         

          plummet to… 驟降至

          That number rose to 3,900 by 2004 and then plummeted to 760 by 2008.

          這個數字在2004年達到了 3900,然后到了 2008年卻陡然驟降到760。

          近義:drop swiftly to... 快速下降至…

          The number of full-time jobs generated by the retail industry dropped swiftly to 14,000.

          零售業所提供的全職崗位數量驟降至14000。

          反義:go up steeply to… 迅速升至…

          Then the interest rate went up steeply to 4.2%.

          然后利率迅速升至4.2%。

         

          bottom out 降至最低點

          The government claimed that the recession (衰退)had bottomed out.

          政府宣稱經濟衰退已經要觸底反彈了。

          近義:drop to its lowest level 降至最低點

          Inflation dropped to its lowest level in five years.

          通貨膨脹率降到了近5年來的最低點。

         

          reach a plateau 進入平穩狀態

          By 2002, this improvement had reached a plateau.

          到了 2002年,這種上升勢頭開始進入了一個平穩的階段。

          近義:level out (at... ) / maintain the same level /remain stable 維持在(某個水平上)

          The number of cases of the disease remained relatively stable in 2009.

          在2009年,該病的病例數量維持在一個穩定的水平上。

          反義:fluctuate around... / fluctuate between...and…

          Their total leisure time per week fluctuated between 22 hours and 35 hours.

          他們每周的空閑時間在22個小時到35個小時間上下波動。

         

          ...is predicted. 某現象很可能將出現

          A more dramatic rise is predicted between 2020 and 2025.

          到2020年至2025年期間可能會出現一個戲劇性的增長。

          近義:…is anticipated. 某現象預期將發生

          A hike (n. 上升)in the oil price is anticipated.

          石油價格預期將會增長。

          聯想:is projected to... / is forecast to... 預計將會…

          The figure is projected to reach 26.18% by 2050.

          到2050年,這個數字將會達到26.18%。

         

          exceed... 超過.

          The energy available exceeded the energy demand from the late 1960s to the early 1980s.

          從60年代末到80年代初期,能源一直是供大于求的。

          近義:surpass... 超過

          The growth rate of Molosop is expected to surpass that of Densaunt by 2035.

          Molosop的增長率被預測在2035年將超過Densaunt的增長率。

         

          double (可以作形容詞、名詞或者動詞) 兩倍/翻倍

          The company profits doubled in 1998.

          這家公司在1998年壽一番。

          近義:be twice as many as... 兩倍于…

          The number of consumer complaints in 2005 was twice as many as that in 2001.

          2005年中顧客投訴的數量是2001年數量的兩倍。

          聯想:be three times as many as... / be four times as many as...

          是某事物的三倍/四倍

          The number of hospitals in this region is three times as many as that in Laneo.

          這個地區醫院的數量是Laneo的三倍。

         

          be in stark contrast with... 與…形成鮮明的對比

          This is in stark contrast with 1990 when 60% of those who held an undergraduate diploma were men.

          這和1990年時 60% 的本科學歷持有者是男人的事實形成了鮮明的對比。

          近義:is in marked contrast with... 與…形成明顯的對比

          This new trend is in marked contrast with the trend it experienced in the 1980s.

          這種新的潮流和在80年代曾流行的潮流形成了明顯的對比。

          聯想:over the following... days / months / years 在之后的某段時間里

          The number of patients fell sharply over the following three months.

          在之后的三個月里,病人的數量急劇下降。

         

          is only marginally more...than... 與…相比僅是略微更……

          Thus we can see that the new organization is only marginally more efficient than the old one.

          所以我們能看出這個新的機構與舊的那家相比也只是略微更高效一點。

          近義:is only fractionally more... than... 與…相比僅稍微更…

          The aging of the population is only fractionally faster than that in the last decade.

          如今人口老齡化的速度相比上個十年來說只是稍微加速了一點。

          反義:is considerably more...than... 遠比…更加

          Keolho’s birth rate is considerably higher than that of Nowsba.

          Keolho的出生率遠比Nowsba的要高。

         

          be composed of … 由…組成

          Team A was composed of five staff members.

          A組是由5名隊員組成的。

          近義:consist of... 由…構成

          System B consists of six components.

          B系統是由6個元件組成的。

         

          in inverse proportion to... 成反比地

          The amount of money people save increases in inverse proportion to the amount they spend.

          人們省下的錢和他們花出的錢呈反比上升。

          反義:in proportion to... 成正比地

          The amount of energy consumed in this factory is in proportion to its number of products.

          這家工廠消耗的能源和它生產的產品數量成正比。

          the corresponding figure(某個數字)在另一組數據中所對應的數字

          While spending increased for equipment and insurance, there were corresponding drops in expenditure on things such as books and on workers’salaries.

          設備與保險的支出增加,而書籍和工人工資等費用則出現了相應的減少。

          聯想:Interestingly, ... 有趣的是,……

          Interestingly,when there are three or more children in the household,men are found to work even fewer hours around the house.

          有趣的是,當家里 有三個或更多的孩子的時候,男人往往卻會減少在家里千活的時間。

          聯想:Not surprisingly, ... 相應很自然的是,……

          Not surprisingly, the number of cases of the disease dropped to approximately 1,700 in 2008.

          很自然地,這種病的病例數在2008年降到了大約1700。

         

          whereas 而

          這個詞經常被native speakers用來在書面的復雜句中引導從句,與主句形成對比

          The graph indicates that on average men had 52 hours of leisure per week whereas women only had approximately 39 hours.

          這張圖表顯示平均來說,男人每周可以擁有52個小時的休閑時間, 而女人只有39個小時。

          近義:while 而同時

          也經常用于在復雜句中引導從句,與主句構成對比

          More men than women hold qualifications at the lower and higher levels of education while more women reach undergraduate diploma level than men.

          越來越多的女性擁有本科學歷,而男性則更多地集中在更高或更低的學歷區間中。

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